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des.c

/*
 *  FIPS-46-3 compliant Triple-DES implementation
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2006-2007  Christophe Devine
 *
 *  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License, version 2.1 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 *  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston,
 *  MA  02110-1301  USA
 */
/*
 *  DES, on which TDES is based, was originally designed by Hans Feistel
 *  at IBM in 1974, and was adopted as a standard by NIST (formerly NBS).
 *
 *  http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips46-3/fips46-3.pdf
 */

//#include "xyssl/config.h"

//#if defined(XYSSL_DES_C)

#include "des.h"

#include <string.h>

/*
 * 32-bit integer manipulation macros (big endian)
 */
#ifndef GET_ULONG_BE
#define GET_ULONG_BE(n,b,i)                             \
{                                                       \
    (n) = ( (unsigned long) (b)[(i)    ] << 24 )        \
        | ( (unsigned long) (b)[(i) + 1] << 16 )        \
        | ( (unsigned long) (b)[(i) + 2] <<  8 )        \
        | ( (unsigned long) (b)[(i) + 3]       );       \
}
#endif

#ifndef PUT_ULONG_BE
#define PUT_ULONG_BE(n,b,i)                             \
{                                                       \
    (b)[(i)    ] = (unsigned char) ( (n) >> 24 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 1] = (unsigned char) ( (n) >> 16 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 2] = (unsigned char) ( (n) >>  8 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 3] = (unsigned char) ( (n)       );       \
}
#endif

/*
 * Expanded DES S-boxes
 */
static const unsigned long SB1[64] =
{
    0x01010400, 0x00000000, 0x00010000, 0x01010404,
    0x01010004, 0x00010404, 0x00000004, 0x00010000,
    0x00000400, 0x01010400, 0x01010404, 0x00000400,
    0x01000404, 0x01010004, 0x01000000, 0x00000004,
    0x00000404, 0x01000400, 0x01000400, 0x00010400,
    0x00010400, 0x01010000, 0x01010000, 0x01000404,
    0x00010004, 0x01000004, 0x01000004, 0x00010004,
    0x00000000, 0x00000404, 0x00010404, 0x01000000,
    0x00010000, 0x01010404, 0x00000004, 0x01010000,
    0x01010400, 0x01000000, 0x01000000, 0x00000400,
    0x01010004, 0x00010000, 0x00010400, 0x01000004,
    0x00000400, 0x00000004, 0x01000404, 0x00010404,
    0x01010404, 0x00010004, 0x01010000, 0x01000404,
    0x01000004, 0x00000404, 0x00010404, 0x01010400,
    0x00000404, 0x01000400, 0x01000400, 0x00000000,
    0x00010004, 0x00010400, 0x00000000, 0x01010004
};

static const unsigned long SB2[64] =
{
    0x80108020, 0x80008000, 0x00008000, 0x00108020,
    0x00100000, 0x00000020, 0x80100020, 0x80008020,
    0x80000020, 0x80108020, 0x80108000, 0x80000000,
    0x80008000, 0x00100000, 0x00000020, 0x80100020,
    0x00108000, 0x00100020, 0x80008020, 0x00000000,
    0x80000000, 0x00008000, 0x00108020, 0x80100000,
    0x00100020, 0x80000020, 0x00000000, 0x00108000,
    0x00008020, 0x80108000, 0x80100000, 0x00008020,
    0x00000000, 0x00108020, 0x80100020, 0x00100000,
    0x80008020, 0x80100000, 0x80108000, 0x00008000,
    0x80100000, 0x80008000, 0x00000020, 0x80108020,
    0x00108020, 0x00000020, 0x00008000, 0x80000000,
    0x00008020, 0x80108000, 0x00100000, 0x80000020,
    0x00100020, 0x80008020, 0x80000020, 0x00100020,
    0x00108000, 0x00000000, 0x80008000, 0x00008020,
    0x80000000, 0x80100020, 0x80108020, 0x00108000
};

static const unsigned long SB3[64] =
{
    0x00000208, 0x08020200, 0x00000000, 0x08020008,
    0x08000200, 0x00000000, 0x00020208, 0x08000200,
    0x00020008, 0x08000008, 0x08000008, 0x00020000,
    0x08020208, 0x00020008, 0x08020000, 0x00000208,
    0x08000000, 0x00000008, 0x08020200, 0x00000200,
    0x00020200, 0x08020000, 0x08020008, 0x00020208,
    0x08000208, 0x00020200, 0x00020000, 0x08000208,
    0x00000008, 0x08020208, 0x00000200, 0x08000000,
    0x08020200, 0x08000000, 0x00020008, 0x00000208,
    0x00020000, 0x08020200, 0x08000200, 0x00000000,
    0x00000200, 0x00020008, 0x08020208, 0x08000200,
    0x08000008, 0x00000200, 0x00000000, 0x08020008,
    0x08000208, 0x00020000, 0x08000000, 0x08020208,
    0x00000008, 0x00020208, 0x00020200, 0x08000008,
    0x08020000, 0x08000208, 0x00000208, 0x08020000,
    0x00020208, 0x00000008, 0x08020008, 0x00020200
};

static const unsigned long SB4[64] =
{
    0x00802001, 0x00002081, 0x00002081, 0x00000080,
    0x00802080, 0x00800081, 0x00800001, 0x00002001,
    0x00000000, 0x00802000, 0x00802000, 0x00802081,
    0x00000081, 0x00000000, 0x00800080, 0x00800001,
    0x00000001, 0x00002000, 0x00800000, 0x00802001,
    0x00000080, 0x00800000, 0x00002001, 0x00002080,
    0x00800081, 0x00000001, 0x00002080, 0x00800080,
    0x00002000, 0x00802080, 0x00802081, 0x00000081,
    0x00800080, 0x00800001, 0x00802000, 0x00802081,
    0x00000081, 0x00000000, 0x00000000, 0x00802000,
    0x00002080, 0x00800080, 0x00800081, 0x00000001,
    0x00802001, 0x00002081, 0x00002081, 0x00000080,
    0x00802081, 0x00000081, 0x00000001, 0x00002000,
    0x00800001, 0x00002001, 0x00802080, 0x00800081,
    0x00002001, 0x00002080, 0x00800000, 0x00802001,
    0x00000080, 0x00800000, 0x00002000, 0x00802080
};

static const unsigned long SB5[64] =
{
    0x00000100, 0x02080100, 0x02080000, 0x42000100,
    0x00080000, 0x00000100, 0x40000000, 0x02080000,
    0x40080100, 0x00080000, 0x02000100, 0x40080100,
    0x42000100, 0x42080000, 0x00080100, 0x40000000,
    0x02000000, 0x40080000, 0x40080000, 0x00000000,
    0x40000100, 0x42080100, 0x42080100, 0x02000100,
    0x42080000, 0x40000100, 0x00000000, 0x42000000,
    0x02080100, 0x02000000, 0x42000000, 0x00080100,
    0x00080000, 0x42000100, 0x00000100, 0x02000000,
    0x40000000, 0x02080000, 0x42000100, 0x40080100,
    0x02000100, 0x40000000, 0x42080000, 0x02080100,
    0x40080100, 0x00000100, 0x02000000, 0x42080000,
    0x42080100, 0x00080100, 0x42000000, 0x42080100,
    0x02080000, 0x00000000, 0x40080000, 0x42000000,
    0x00080100, 0x02000100, 0x40000100, 0x00080000,
    0x00000000, 0x40080000, 0x02080100, 0x40000100
};

static const unsigned long SB6[64] =
{
    0x20000010, 0x20400000, 0x00004000, 0x20404010,
    0x20400000, 0x00000010, 0x20404010, 0x00400000,
    0x20004000, 0x00404010, 0x00400000, 0x20000010,
    0x00400010, 0x20004000, 0x20000000, 0x00004010,
    0x00000000, 0x00400010, 0x20004010, 0x00004000,
    0x00404000, 0x20004010, 0x00000010, 0x20400010,
    0x20400010, 0x00000000, 0x00404010, 0x20404000,
    0x00004010, 0x00404000, 0x20404000, 0x20000000,
    0x20004000, 0x00000010, 0x20400010, 0x00404000,
    0x20404010, 0x00400000, 0x00004010, 0x20000010,
    0x00400000, 0x20004000, 0x20000000, 0x00004010,
    0x20000010, 0x20404010, 0x00404000, 0x20400000,
    0x00404010, 0x20404000, 0x00000000, 0x20400010,
    0x00000010, 0x00004000, 0x20400000, 0x00404010,
    0x00004000, 0x00400010, 0x20004010, 0x00000000,
    0x20404000, 0x20000000, 0x00400010, 0x20004010
};

static const unsigned long SB7[64] =
{
    0x00200000, 0x04200002, 0x04000802, 0x00000000,
    0x00000800, 0x04000802, 0x00200802, 0x04200800,
    0x04200802, 0x00200000, 0x00000000, 0x04000002,
    0x00000002, 0x04000000, 0x04200002, 0x00000802,
    0x04000800, 0x00200802, 0x00200002, 0x04000800,
    0x04000002, 0x04200000, 0x04200800, 0x00200002,
    0x04200000, 0x00000800, 0x00000802, 0x04200802,
    0x00200800, 0x00000002, 0x04000000, 0x00200800,
    0x04000000, 0x00200800, 0x00200000, 0x04000802,
    0x04000802, 0x04200002, 0x04200002, 0x00000002,
    0x00200002, 0x04000000, 0x04000800, 0x00200000,
    0x04200800, 0x00000802, 0x00200802, 0x04200800,
    0x00000802, 0x04000002, 0x04200802, 0x04200000,
    0x00200800, 0x00000000, 0x00000002, 0x04200802,
    0x00000000, 0x00200802, 0x04200000, 0x00000800,
    0x04000002, 0x04000800, 0x00000800, 0x00200002
};

static const unsigned long SB8[64] =
{
    0x10001040, 0x00001000, 0x00040000, 0x10041040,
    0x10000000, 0x10001040, 0x00000040, 0x10000000,
    0x00040040, 0x10040000, 0x10041040, 0x00041000,
    0x10041000, 0x00041040, 0x00001000, 0x00000040,
    0x10040000, 0x10000040, 0x10001000, 0x00001040,
    0x00041000, 0x00040040, 0x10040040, 0x10041000,
    0x00001040, 0x00000000, 0x00000000, 0x10040040,
    0x10000040, 0x10001000, 0x00041040, 0x00040000,
    0x00041040, 0x00040000, 0x10041000, 0x00001000,
    0x00000040, 0x10040040, 0x00001000, 0x00041040,
    0x10001000, 0x00000040, 0x10000040, 0x10040000,
    0x10040040, 0x10000000, 0x00040000, 0x10001040,
    0x00000000, 0x10041040, 0x00040040, 0x10000040,
    0x10040000, 0x10001000, 0x10001040, 0x00000000,
    0x10041040, 0x00041000, 0x00041000, 0x00001040,
    0x00001040, 0x00040040, 0x10000000, 0x10041000
};

/*
 * PC1: left and right halves bit-swap
 */
static const unsigned long LHs[16] =
{
    0x00000000, 0x00000001, 0x00000100, 0x00000101,
    0x00010000, 0x00010001, 0x00010100, 0x00010101,
    0x01000000, 0x01000001, 0x01000100, 0x01000101,
    0x01010000, 0x01010001, 0x01010100, 0x01010101
};

static const unsigned long RHs[16] =
{
    0x00000000, 0x01000000, 0x00010000, 0x01010000,
    0x00000100, 0x01000100, 0x00010100, 0x01010100,
    0x00000001, 0x01000001, 0x00010001, 0x01010001,
    0x00000101, 0x01000101, 0x00010101, 0x01010101,
};

/*
 * Initial Permutation macro
 */
#define DES_IP(X,Y)                                             \
{                                                               \
    T = ((X >>  4) ^ Y) & 0x0F0F0F0F; Y ^= T; X ^= (T <<  4);   \
    T = ((X >> 16) ^ Y) & 0x0000FFFF; Y ^= T; X ^= (T << 16);   \
    T = ((Y >>  2) ^ X) & 0x33333333; X ^= T; Y ^= (T <<  2);   \
    T = ((Y >>  8) ^ X) & 0x00FF00FF; X ^= T; Y ^= (T <<  8);   \
    Y = ((Y << 1) | (Y >> 31)) & 0xFFFFFFFF;                    \
    T = (X ^ Y) & 0xAAAAAAAA; Y ^= T; X ^= T;                   \
    X = ((X << 1) | (X >> 31)) & 0xFFFFFFFF;                    \
}

/*
 * Final Permutation macro
 */
#define DES_FP(X,Y)                                             \
{                                                               \
    X = ((X << 31) | (X >> 1)) & 0xFFFFFFFF;                    \
    T = (X ^ Y) & 0xAAAAAAAA; X ^= T; Y ^= T;                   \
    Y = ((Y << 31) | (Y >> 1)) & 0xFFFFFFFF;                    \
    T = ((Y >>  8) ^ X) & 0x00FF00FF; X ^= T; Y ^= (T <<  8);   \
    T = ((Y >>  2) ^ X) & 0x33333333; X ^= T; Y ^= (T <<  2);   \
    T = ((X >> 16) ^ Y) & 0x0000FFFF; Y ^= T; X ^= (T << 16);   \
    T = ((X >>  4) ^ Y) & 0x0F0F0F0F; Y ^= T; X ^= (T <<  4);   \
}

/*
 * DES round macro
 */
#define DES_ROUND(X,Y)                          \
{                                               \
    T = *SK++ ^ X;                              \
    Y ^= SB8[ (T      ) & 0x3F ] ^              \
         SB6[ (T >>  8) & 0x3F ] ^              \
         SB4[ (T >> 16) & 0x3F ] ^              \
         SB2[ (T >> 24) & 0x3F ];               \
                                                \
    T = *SK++ ^ ((X << 28) | (X >> 4));         \
    Y ^= SB7[ (T      ) & 0x3F ] ^              \
         SB5[ (T >>  8) & 0x3F ] ^              \
         SB3[ (T >> 16) & 0x3F ] ^              \
         SB1[ (T >> 24) & 0x3F ];               \
}

#define SWAP(a,b) { unsigned long t = a; a = b; b = t; t = 0; }

static void des_setkey( unsigned long SK[32], unsigned char key[8] )
{
    int i;
    unsigned long X, Y, T;

    GET_ULONG_BE( X, key, 0 );
    GET_ULONG_BE( Y, key, 4 );

    /*
     * Permuted Choice 1
     */
    T =  ((Y >>  4) ^ X) & 0x0F0F0F0F;  X ^= T; Y ^= (T <<  4);
    T =  ((Y      ) ^ X) & 0x10101010;  X ^= T; Y ^= (T      );

    X =   (LHs[ (X      ) & 0xF] << 3) | (LHs[ (X >>  8) & 0xF ] << 2)
        | (LHs[ (X >> 16) & 0xF] << 1) | (LHs[ (X >> 24) & 0xF ]     )
        | (LHs[ (X >>  5) & 0xF] << 7) | (LHs[ (X >> 13) & 0xF ] << 6)
        | (LHs[ (X >> 21) & 0xF] << 5) | (LHs[ (X >> 29) & 0xF ] << 4);

    Y =   (RHs[ (Y >>  1) & 0xF] << 3) | (RHs[ (Y >>  9) & 0xF ] << 2)
        | (RHs[ (Y >> 17) & 0xF] << 1) | (RHs[ (Y >> 25) & 0xF ]     )
        | (RHs[ (Y >>  4) & 0xF] << 7) | (RHs[ (Y >> 12) & 0xF ] << 6)
        | (RHs[ (Y >> 20) & 0xF] << 5) | (RHs[ (Y >> 28) & 0xF ] << 4);

    X &= 0x0FFFFFFF;
    Y &= 0x0FFFFFFF;

    /*
     * calculate subkeys
     */
    for( i = 0; i < 16; i++ )
    {
        if( i < 2 || i == 8 || i == 15 )
        {
            X = ((X <<  1) | (X >> 27)) & 0x0FFFFFFF;
            Y = ((Y <<  1) | (Y >> 27)) & 0x0FFFFFFF;
        }
        else
        {
            X = ((X <<  2) | (X >> 26)) & 0x0FFFFFFF;
            Y = ((Y <<  2) | (Y >> 26)) & 0x0FFFFFFF;
        }

        *SK++ =   ((X <<  4) & 0x24000000) | ((X << 28) & 0x10000000)
                | ((X << 14) & 0x08000000) | ((X << 18) & 0x02080000)
                | ((X <<  6) & 0x01000000) | ((X <<  9) & 0x00200000)
                | ((X >>  1) & 0x00100000) | ((X << 10) & 0x00040000)
                | ((X <<  2) & 0x00020000) | ((X >> 10) & 0x00010000)
                | ((Y >> 13) & 0x00002000) | ((Y >>  4) & 0x00001000)
                | ((Y <<  6) & 0x00000800) | ((Y >>  1) & 0x00000400)
                | ((Y >> 14) & 0x00000200) | ((Y      ) & 0x00000100)
                | ((Y >>  5) & 0x00000020) | ((Y >> 10) & 0x00000010)
                | ((Y >>  3) & 0x00000008) | ((Y >> 18) & 0x00000004)
                | ((Y >> 26) & 0x00000002) | ((Y >> 24) & 0x00000001);

        *SK++ =   ((X << 15) & 0x20000000) | ((X << 17) & 0x10000000)
                | ((X << 10) & 0x08000000) | ((X << 22) & 0x04000000)
                | ((X >>  2) & 0x02000000) | ((X <<  1) & 0x01000000)
                | ((X << 16) & 0x00200000) | ((X << 11) & 0x00100000)
                | ((X <<  3) & 0x00080000) | ((X >>  6) & 0x00040000)
                | ((X << 15) & 0x00020000) | ((X >>  4) & 0x00010000)
                | ((Y >>  2) & 0x00002000) | ((Y <<  8) & 0x00001000)
                | ((Y >> 14) & 0x00000808) | ((Y >>  9) & 0x00000400)
                | ((Y      ) & 0x00000200) | ((Y <<  7) & 0x00000100)
                | ((Y >>  7) & 0x00000020) | ((Y >>  3) & 0x00000011)
                | ((Y <<  2) & 0x00000004) | ((Y >> 21) & 0x00000002);
    }
}

/*
 * DES key schedule (56-bit, encryption)
 */
00360 void des_setkey_enc( des_context *ctx, unsigned char key[8] )
{
    des_setkey( ctx->sk, key );
}

/*
 * DES key schedule (56-bit, decryption)
 */
00368 void des_setkey_dec( des_context *ctx, unsigned char key[8] )
{
    int i;

    des_setkey( ctx->sk, key );

    for( i = 0; i < 16; i += 2 )
    {
        SWAP( ctx->sk[i    ], ctx->sk[30 - i] );
        SWAP( ctx->sk[i + 1], ctx->sk[31 - i] );
    }
}

static void des3_set2key( unsigned long esk[96],
                          unsigned long dsk[96],
                          unsigned char key[16] )
{
    int i;

    des_setkey( esk, key );
    des_setkey( dsk + 32, key + 8 );

    for( i = 0; i < 32; i += 2 )
    {
        dsk[i     ] = esk[30 - i];
        dsk[i +  1] = esk[31 - i];

        esk[i + 32] = dsk[62 - i];
        esk[i + 33] = dsk[63 - i];

        esk[i + 64] = esk[i    ];
        esk[i + 65] = esk[i + 1];

        dsk[i + 64] = dsk[i    ];
        dsk[i + 65] = dsk[i + 1];
    }
}

/*
 * Triple-DES key schedule (112-bit, encryption)
 */
00409 void des3_set2key_enc( des3_context *ctx, unsigned char key[16] )
{
    unsigned long sk[96];

    des3_set2key( ctx->sk, sk, key );
    memset( sk,  0, sizeof( sk ) );
}

/*
 * Triple-DES key schedule (112-bit, decryption)
 */
00420 void des3_set2key_dec( des3_context *ctx, unsigned char key[16] )
{
    unsigned long sk[96];

    des3_set2key( sk, ctx->sk, key );
    memset( sk,  0, sizeof( sk ) );
}

static void des3_set3key( unsigned long esk[96],
                          unsigned long dsk[96],
                          unsigned char key[24] )
{
    int i;

    des_setkey( esk, key );
    des_setkey( dsk + 32, key +  8 );
    des_setkey( esk + 64, key + 16 );

    for( i = 0; i < 32; i += 2 )
    {
        dsk[i     ] = esk[94 - i];
        dsk[i +  1] = esk[95 - i];

        esk[i + 32] = dsk[62 - i];
        esk[i + 33] = dsk[63 - i];

        dsk[i + 64] = esk[30 - i];
        dsk[i + 65] = esk[31 - i];
    }
}

/*
 * Triple-DES key schedule (168-bit, encryption)
 */
00454 void des3_set3key_enc( des3_context *ctx, unsigned char key[24] )
{
    unsigned long sk[96];

    des3_set3key( ctx->sk, sk, key );
    memset( sk, 0, sizeof( sk ) );
}

/*
 * Triple-DES key schedule (168-bit, decryption)
 */
00465 void des3_set3key_dec( des3_context *ctx, unsigned char key[24] )
{
    unsigned long sk[96];

    des3_set3key( sk, ctx->sk, key );
    memset( sk, 0, sizeof( sk ) );
}

/*
 * DES-ECB block encryption/decryption
 */
00476 void des_crypt_ecb( des_context *ctx,
                    unsigned char input[8],
                    unsigned char output[8] )
{
    int i;
    unsigned long X, Y, T, *SK;

    SK = ctx->sk;

    GET_ULONG_BE( X, input, 0 );
    GET_ULONG_BE( Y, input, 4 );

    DES_IP( X, Y );

    for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
    {
        DES_ROUND( Y, X );
        DES_ROUND( X, Y );
    }

    DES_FP( Y, X );

    PUT_ULONG_BE( Y, output, 0 );
    PUT_ULONG_BE( X, output, 4 );
}

/*
 * DES-CBC buffer encryption/decryption
 */
00505 void des_crypt_cbc( des_context *ctx,
                    int mode,
                    int length,
                    unsigned char iv[8],
                    unsigned char *input,
                    unsigned char *output )
{
    int i;
    unsigned char temp[8];

    if( mode == DES_ENCRYPT )
    {
        while( length > 0 )
        {
            for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
                output[i] = (unsigned char)( input[i] ^ iv[i] );

            des_crypt_ecb( ctx, output, output );
            memcpy( iv, output, 8 );

            input  += 8;
            output += 8;
            length -= 8;
        }
    }
    else /* DES_DECRYPT */
    {
        while( length > 0 )
        {
            memcpy( temp, input, 8 );
            des_crypt_ecb( ctx, input, output );

            for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
                output[i] = (unsigned char)( output[i] ^ iv[i] );

            memcpy( iv, temp, 8 );

            input  += 8;
            output += 8;
            length -= 8;
        }
    }
}

/*
 * 3DES-ECB block encryption/decryption
 */
00552 void des3_crypt_ecb( des3_context *ctx,
                     unsigned char input[8],
                     unsigned char output[8] )
{
    int i;
    unsigned long X, Y, T, *SK;

    SK = ctx->sk;

    GET_ULONG_BE( X, input, 0 );
    GET_ULONG_BE( Y, input, 4 );

    DES_IP( X, Y );

    for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
    {
        DES_ROUND( Y, X );
        DES_ROUND( X, Y );
    }

    for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
    {
        DES_ROUND( X, Y );
        DES_ROUND( Y, X );
    }

    for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
    {
        DES_ROUND( Y, X );
        DES_ROUND( X, Y );
    }

    DES_FP( Y, X );

    PUT_ULONG_BE( Y, output, 0 );
    PUT_ULONG_BE( X, output, 4 );
}

/*
 * 3DES-CBC buffer encryption/decryption
 */
00593 void des3_crypt_cbc( des3_context *ctx,
                     int mode,
                     int length,
                     unsigned char iv[8],
                     unsigned char *input,
                     unsigned char *output )
{
    int i;
    unsigned char temp[8];

    if( mode == DES_ENCRYPT )
    {
        while( length > 0 )
        {
            for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
                output[i] = (unsigned char)( input[i] ^ iv[i] );

            des3_crypt_ecb( ctx, output, output );
            memcpy( iv, output, 8 );

            input  += 8;
            output += 8;
            length -= 8;
        }
    }
    else /* DES_DECRYPT */
    {
        while( length > 0 )
        {
            memcpy( temp, input, 8 );
            des3_crypt_ecb( ctx, input, output );

            for( i = 0; i < 8; i++ )
                output[i] = (unsigned char)( output[i] ^ iv[i] );

            memcpy( iv, temp, 8 );

            input  += 8;
            output += 8;
            length -= 8;
        }
    }
}

#if defined(XYSSL_SELF_TEST)

#include <stdio.h>

/*
 * DES/3DES test vectors (source: NIST, tripledes-vectors.zip)
 */
static const unsigned char DES3_keys[24] =
{
    0x01, 0x23, 0x45, 0x67, 0x89, 0xAB, 0xCD, 0xEF,
    0x23, 0x45, 0x67, 0x89, 0xAB, 0xCD, 0xEF, 0x01,
    0x45, 0x67, 0x89, 0xAB, 0xCD, 0xEF, 0x01, 0x23
};

static const unsigned char DES3_init[8] =
{
    0x4E, 0x6F, 0x77, 0x20, 0x69, 0x73, 0x20, 0x74
};

static const unsigned char DES3_enc_test[3][8] =
{
    { 0x6A, 0x2A, 0x19, 0xF4, 0x1E, 0xCA, 0x85, 0x4B },
    { 0x03, 0xE6, 0x9F, 0x5B, 0xFA, 0x58, 0xEB, 0x42 },
    { 0xDD, 0x17, 0xE8, 0xB8, 0xB4, 0x37, 0xD2, 0x32 }
};
    
static const unsigned char DES3_dec_test[3][8] =
{
    { 0xCD, 0xD6, 0x4F, 0x2F, 0x94, 0x27, 0xC1, 0x5D },
    { 0x69, 0x96, 0xC8, 0xFA, 0x47, 0xA2, 0xAB, 0xEB },
    { 0x83, 0x25, 0x39, 0x76, 0x44, 0x09, 0x1A, 0x0A }
};

/*
 * Checkup routine
 */
int des_self_test( int verbose )
{
    int i, j, u, v;
    des_context ctx;
    des3_context ctx3;
    unsigned char buf[8];

    for( i = 0; i < 6; i++ )
    {
        u = i >> 1;
        v = i  & 1;

        if( verbose != 0 )
            printf( "  DES%c-ECB-%3d (%s): ",
                    ( u == 0 ) ? ' ' : '3', 56 + u * 56,
                    ( v == 0 ) ? "enc" : "dec" );

        memcpy( buf, DES3_init, 8 );

        switch( u )
        {
        case 0:
            if( v == 0 )
                des_setkey_enc( &ctx, (unsigned char *) DES3_keys );
            if( v == 1 )
                des_setkey_dec( &ctx, (unsigned char *) DES3_keys );
            break;

        case 1:
            if( v == 0 )
                des3_set2key_enc( &ctx3, (unsigned char *) DES3_keys );
            if( v == 1 )
                des3_set2key_dec( &ctx3, (unsigned char *) DES3_keys );
            break;

        default:
            if( v == 0 )
                des3_set3key_enc( &ctx3, (unsigned char *) DES3_keys );
            if( v == 1 )
                des3_set3key_dec( &ctx3, (unsigned char *) DES3_keys );
            break;
        }

        for( j = 0; j < 10000; j++ )
        {
            if( u == 0 )
                 des_crypt_ecb( &ctx, buf, buf );
            else
                des3_crypt_ecb( &ctx3, buf, buf );
        }

        if( ( v == 0 && memcmp( buf, DES3_enc_test[u], 8 ) != 0 ) ||
            ( v == 1 && memcmp( buf, DES3_dec_test[u], 8 ) != 0 ) )
        {
            if( verbose != 0 )
                printf( "failed\n" );

            return( 1 );
        }

        if( verbose != 0 )
            printf( "passed\n" );
    }

    if( verbose != 0 )
        printf( "\n" );

    return( 0 );
}

#endif

//#endif

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